Italian Game

The opening's defining move is the White bishop move to c4 in preparation for an early attack on Black's vulnerable f7-square. Most grandmasters have largely abandoned the Italian Game in favour of the Ruy Lopez (3.Bb5) and Scotch (3.d4), considering those two openings better tries for a long-term advantage, but the Italian is still popular in correspondence chess, where players are allowed access to published theory, and in games between amateurs. Wikipedia
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